Par analogie avec son père, il est parfois appelé après sa mort le Petit Dauphin. Madame de Maintenon wrote on 28 December 1711: “Our dear princess has been tortured for several days by abscesses in her teeth; but she is rather better to-day.” And on 11 January: “A few days ago she had a feverish attack; the courtiers were dismayed, and talked of the irreparable loss which her death would cause.” Versailles had a very deadly measles epidemic that winter. Duc de Bourgogne, il est en seconde position sur la liste des héritiers présomptifs de la couronne, d’où la nécessité de l’unir à une prétendante qui satisfait aux intérêts de la France. Vive, charmante et attachante, la duchesse Marie Adélaïde de … At some point, he, being all sure of the Duchesse’s affections, found out he had a rival. [5] As children, she and her sister Maria Luisa frequented the Vigno di Madama outside Turin, and paid weekly visits to their grandmother at the Palazzo Madama in Turin. But with no evil spirit. A rose of Savoy; Marie Adélaïde of Savoy, duchesse de Bourgogne, mother of Louis XV by Williams, H. Noel (Hugh Noel), 1870-1925. Something else that worried Madame de Maintenon was that the Duc seemed way more in love with the Duchesse, than the Duchesse with him. She was bled twice yesterday, and has had three doses of opium; a moment ago she seemed more easy. - Lieutenant Colonel Henri Carré / Livres anciens (Autre) Occasion dès 55,50 € She was the eldest daughter of Victor Amadeus II, Duke of Savoy, and of Anne Marie d'Orléans. Who ought to serve her husband, no matter how boring he might be. but girls just wanna have fun. Marie-Adélaïde could be quite indiscreet… she jested in public about how pious her husband was… but she probably thought not much of it and meant no harm, after all she was of the generation that made fun of everything, as she said herself. Louis XIV, the Dauphin and the Duc apparently never found out about it. The Dauphine was the subject of a statue held at the Louvre in which she posed as the Roman goddess Diana which was crafted by Antoine Coysevox in 1710. The Duc de Bourgogne was not greeted warmly as he returned to Versailles and it took quite a while until the truth became known. Dauphin de France (1711-1712). To maintain her influence over her grandfather-in-law, the Duchess of Burgundy organized Berry's marriage to Marie Louise Élisabeth d'Orléans, the eldest daughter of Philippe d'Orléans, Duke of Orléans and of his wife Françoise Marie de Bourbon. En 1697, elle épouse Louis de France (1682 † 1712), duc de Bourgogne, puis dauphin de France. Neither of it helped and only weakened her further… and so, on 12 February, a Friday, after several hours of unconsciousness, Marie-Adélaïde died at 8 o’clock in the evening. It was a new experience for him and rejuvenated his spirits. [4], Marie Adelaide was tiny, even described as "doll-sized." The people around the Duc de Vendôme spread all sorts of things about her husband and the King believed them. They thought it might be measles… but then the rash disappeared again. She jested with and about him, she teased him and at times she even scolded him. Emperor Leopold declined, due to the young age of Marie-Adélaïde. - Lieutenant Colonel Henri Carré / Livres anciens (Autre) 55,50 € Bon état [4] Marie Adélaïde enjoyed a particularly close relationship with her grandmother as well as her mother who, despite protocol, was raising her children herself, which was quite unusual among royalty during the era. Vendôme was about to seat himself as he was send away again. Her porters were in the know, dropped the chair and fled at once, while the Princess was left struggling and shrieking inside. Les 11 et 14 décembre 1697, Louis XIV fait donner un bal dans la galerie des Glaces à l’occasion du mariage de l'aîné de ses petits-fils, le duc de Bourgogne, avec la fille aînée du duc de Savoie Victor-Amédée II, Marie-Adélaïde. As the Duc returned from a failed military campaign and all blame was put on him by an intrigue aiming to discredit him, Marie-Adélaïde, in love with him or not, was steadfast at his side. Madame de Maintenon was constantly afraid that, due to the youthful spirit of the Duchesse, she might say or do something to compromise her husband. It did not take long, until he was not welcome at Meudon, the residence of the Dauphin, anymore either. Marie-Adélaïde de Savoie was certainly on of the most sparkling gems of Louis XIV’s Versailles and the mother of Louis XV. Marie-Adélaïde said the pain was worse than what she suffered during childbirth. On April 13, he drove to Marly in the afternoon for some fresh air and a chat with the Duchesse de Bourgogne. A fine scolding followed the next day and Louis was reminded, that he may kiss his wife, now and then, when the situation was fitting, but that was all. It was gone by the morning and Marie-Adélaïde went about her daily duties. The marriage of Marie Adélaïde came as a result of the Treaty of Turin signed on 29 August 1696. Marie-Adélaïde departed from Savoy and crossed the French border on 15 October in 1696 without entourage. After the Dauphine's death, the royal family moved to Marly to avoid the spread of infection. Styled as Duchess of Burgundy after her marriage, she became Dauphine of France upon the death of her father-in-law, Le Grand Dauphin, in 1711. And with Marie-Adélaïde’s death, the golden days of Versailles were finally over. Pretty much nine months later, Anne-Marie nearly died during the birth of their first child, a daughter. Son enfance n’est pas des plus heureuses : elle voit le jour en pleine guerre civile. He too was as if awoken from a long slumber. Dauphin de France (1711-1712). Son enfance n’est pas des plus heureuses : elle voit le jour en pleine guerre civile. Madame de Ventadour was renowned for having saved the infant Louis XV's life. Maulevrier, not wanting to leave court to participate in a campaign, feigned and illness and pretended to have lost his voice. She had to go wherever he went, even when she was not feeling well or pregnant. He knew what was going on and fearing for his very future at court, decided to avoid Maulevrier as best as he could. Marie Adélaïde of Savoy (6 December 1685 – 12 February 1712) was the wife of Louis, Dauphin of France, Duke of Burgundy.She was the eldest daughter of Victor Amadeus II, Duke of Savoy, and of Anne Marie d'Orléans.Her betrothal to the Duke of Burgundy in June 1696 was part of the Treaty of Turin, signed on 29 August 1696.She was the mother of the future King Louis XV of France. She was just returning from mass and he offered to escort her back to her rooms, something Monsieur Dangeau usually did, but he was not present that day. Dans un pays protestant, la reine, qui est catholique et de qui le roi accepte tout, déchaîne des révoltes. Il veut renouer avec les beaux jours de la Cour. Unknown to the other, the Duchesse exchanged looks and words with both as well as secret missives. Enter your email address to receive notifications of new posts by email. It was very popular at court and one could win and lose high amounts. She did not have a good night and spent it in much pain until 4 o’clock in the morning, when the pain suddenly vanished. Her great enemy was the Duchess of Bourbon, a legitimated daughter of Louis XIV and his mistress, Madame de Montespan. Media related to Marie Adélaïde of Savoy at Wikimedia Commons, Marie Adélaïde of Savoy as depicted circa 1697 by a member of the, Louis, Dauphin of France, Duke of Burgundy, Louis of France, Duke of Anjou then Dauphin of France, future King Louis XV, Charles Amadeus of Savoy, Duke of Nemours, Luisa Cristina, Princess Maurice of Savoy, Louise, Hereditary Princess of Baden-Baden, Maria Carolina, Electoral Princess of Saxony, Maria Cristina, Queen of the Two Sicilies, Bona Margherita, Princess Konrad of Bavaria, Maria Gabriella, Mrs Zellinger de Balkany, Maria Beatrice, Mrs Reyna-Corvalán y Dillon, Princess Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate, Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria-Este, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Marie_Adélaïde_of_Savoy&oldid=982188552, Articles containing Italian-language text, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Erfahrungsberichte zu Duc de bourgogne louis xiv analysiert. La Duchesse De Bourgogne - Une Princesse De Savoie À La Cour De Louis Xiv 1685-1712. Upon her arrival in France, Louis XIV, who had come to greet her, met her in Montargis on 4 November 1696,[10] and was quite pleased with "the Princess". Dans un pays protestant, la reine, qui est catholique et de qui le roi accepte tout, déchaîne des révoltes. (The marriage was not consummated until two years later.) I have just heard that she has slept for an hour and hopes to have a good night.”. Madame de Maintenon wrote to Madame des Ursins the very day: “The Dauphine has a fixed pain between the ear and the top of the jaw, just below the temple: the affected part is so small that you could cover it with a finger-nail; she has convulsions and cries like a woman in travail, and at about the same intervals. En 1697, elle épouse Louis de France (1682 † 1712), duc de Bourgogne, puis dauphin de France. The Duc de Bourgogne, assured it was nothing serious as well, nevertheless travelled to Meudon, with his wife, to spent the day at the bedside of his father. For her, she was pretty much a spoiled child without manners and respect. Princesses, perfect or not so perfect, all share a fate. Marie-Adélaïde was only around ten years old as the negations for a possible match started. He smiled more, laughed more, dressed better and even wore some jewels from time to time. By 9 February, a strange rash appeared on her skin and alarmed the doctors. Little Marie-Adélaïde was rather fond of her grandmother and visited her frequently. There, the Duc de Bourgogne informed his grandfather the situation was a bit more … Mme. This print is a wonderful illustration of late Louis XIV style. Her grandmother Marie Jeanne of Savoy and the Prince of Carignan acted as godparents. One was tempted to think her wholly devoted to the people with whom she happened to be for the moment.”. Lansquenet was a game dating back to the Thirty Years’ War and named after the French spelling of the German word Landsknecht. The fever returned over night and this time stronger. He loved it. I am going to see her, and will close this letter as late as possible in order to give you the last news. Louis XIV died in 1715, four days shy of his 77th birthday. The court watched all amused how much she cared for the health of the gentleman. The reason is that, where there are kings, women govern; and where there are queens, men.” Both, the King and his secret wife, laughed heartily and agreed that she was in the right. until 5 February, when she had a sudden attack of fever. She also had bad teeth and abscesses formed frequently, which put her in a lot of pain. She ran to him to embrace him and kiss his cheeks, jumped on his lap, rummaged in his important papers and yawned when he was too busy to pay her the attention she desired. Marie-Adélaïde of Savoy was the granddaughter of Louis XIV’s brother Philippe. She had one on 1705 and Madame de Maintenon noted in a letter: “The Duchesse de Bourgogne is not well; the doctors prescribe a number of remedies which require much more patience than she is able to give. She did not care much for rank and such things. One day, as Marie-Adélaïde sat down with her father-in-law, whose clique was the source of the lies, the Dauphin invited Vendôme to join them. Lorsque le petit prince meurt de convulsions en avril 1705, le duc et la duchesse de Bourgogne sont unis dans la douleur. Victor Amadeus had first proposed Marie Adélaïde as a candidate for marriage with the Archduke Joseph, but Emperor Leopold I had declined because of their young age. As for my aunt (Madame de Maintenon), it is impossible for me to speak of her, except to obey her instructions. Henriette-Anne d’Angleterre, appelée couramment Henriette, naît le 16 juin 1644. Versailles got a little less dull with the arrival of Marie-Adélaïde. Anne-Marie d’Orléans was a daughter of Monsieur, brother to Louis XIV, and his first wife Henriette d’Angleterre, sister of Charles II. In 1661, Philippe also received the dukedoms of Valois and Chartres. [3] As a female, she was not eligible to inherit the duchy of Savoy due to salic law. She wrote in a letter to Anne-Marie d’Orléans: “Your Royal Highness, will hardly believe how pleased the king is. She later on suspected her of making fun of her and talking badly to the King of her. Le mariage du « Petit Dauphin » Né à Versailles le 6 août 1682, quelques semaines seulement après l’installation de la Cour, Louis de France est le petit-fils de Louis XIV. As part of the Treaty of Turin, Victor-Amédée’s French-born mistress Jeanne-Baptiste d’Albert de Luynes and the Comte de Tessé arranged a match for Marie-Adélaïde. The Duchesse begged the Dauphin to excuse her, for his presence at Marly was hard to deal with already and playing cards, at one table, was more than she could bear after what happened. And as the years passed, the little girl became more and more beautiful. Marie Adélaïde bore two more children in 1707 and 1710. [8] The Treaty of Turin was negotiated under the influence of the Maréchal de Tessé, who suggested that Marie Adelaïde be sent to France to perfect her education before marrying the French prince.[9]. Publication date 1909 Topics Marie Adelaide, of Savoy, Duchess of Burgundy, 1685-1712 Publisher New York, Charles Scribner's Sons Collection cornell; americana The Duchesse visited him often and stayed for quite a while. Yesterday he did me the honour to say that he will have to be careful in what he says or people will think that he is exaggerating… She has a natural courtesy which makes it impossible for her to say anything unkind. He got into a heated argument with the Dauphin about it. (The marriage was not consummated until two years later.) LOUIS XIV, SA VIE LOUIS DE BOURGOGNE . She met Louis XIV there for the first time on 4 November and the great Sun King was at once utterly taken with her. LA DUCHESSE DE BOURGOGNE ET L'ALLIANCE SAVOYARDE SOUS LOUIS XIV Ud) L'ENFANCE ET LES FIANÇAILLES Aux Archives d'État de Turin, qui n'ont pas été bouleversées par les révolutions et qui sont admirablement classées (2), il existe un fonds spécial qui a pour désignation : Matrimonii della Real Casa. She died of measles in 1712, followed by her husband a week later. Louis of France, Duke of Brittany (25 June 1704 – 13 April 1705) died of convulsions; This page was last edited on 6 October 2020, at 17:30. Please tell me what I must do to please you.” Those are the words, Madame, but the gaiety, the gentleness and grace, with which they were accompanied, cannot be put on to paper.”. She was the sort of girl to take hearts by storm. Louis XIV and Madame de Maintenon were plunged into sadness. supra Andrea Merlotti, « la courte enfance de la duchesse de Bourgogne (1685-1696) ». Saint-Simon wrote about her: “She was kind to everybody, even to the least influential and the most unimportant, without any appearance of conscious effort. As they arrived, her face was swollen and she retired to bed at once. de Ludes dress is gathered into a bustle and she wears a Fontanges headdress.